Tieteelliset julkaisut

Tulokset kategoriasta tagi hakusanalla alkoholi. Takaisin


Psilocybin-assisted treatment for alcohol dependence: A proof-of-concept study (Bogenschutz MP, Forcehimes AA, Pommy JA, Wilcox CE, Barbosa .., 2015)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychopharmachology
Tiivistelmä: Several lines of evidence suggest that classic (5HT2A agonist) hallucinogens have clinically relevant effects in alcohol and drug addiction. Although recent studies have investigated the effects of psilocybin in various populations, there have been no studies on the efficacy of psilocybin for alcohol dependence.

We conducted a single-group proof-of-concept study to quantify acute effects of psilocybin in alcohol-dependent participants and to provide preliminary outcome and safety data. Ten volunteers with DSM-IV alcohol dependence received orally administered psilocybin in one or two supervised sessions in addition to Motivational Enhancement Therapy and therapy sessions devoted to preparation for and debriefing from the psilocybin sessions.

Participants’ responses to psilocybin were qualitatively similar to those described in other populations. Abstinence did not increase significantly in the first 4 weeks of treatment (when participants had not yet received psilocybin), but increased significantly following psilocybin administration (p < 0.05). Gains were largely maintained at follow-up to 36 weeks. The intensity of effects in the first psilocybin session (at week 4) strongly predicted change in drinking during weeks 5–8 (r = 0.76 to r = 0.89) and also predicted decreases in craving and increases in abstinence self-efficacy during week 5.

There were no significant treatment-related adverse events. These preliminary findings provide a strong rationale for controlled trials with larger samples to investigate efficacy and mechanisms.
Yhdiste:psilosybiini
Aihe:addiktio
Menetelmät:Open label, seuranta
Otoskoko:10
Muuta:
Tagit: alkoholi, pilotti, psilosybiini, riippuvuus
DOI:10.1177/0269881114565144
URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269881114565144


European rating of drug harms. (van Amsterdam J, Nutt D, Phillips L, van den Brink W, 2015)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychopharmacology
Tiivistelmä: BACKGROUND:
The present paper describes the results of a rating study performed by a group of European Union (EU) drug experts using the multi-criteria decision analysis model for evaluating drug harms.

METHODS:
Forty drug experts from throughout the EU scored 20 drugs on 16 harm criteria. The expert group also assessed criteria weights that would apply, on average, across the EU. Weighted averages of the scores provided a single, overall weighted harm score (range: 0-100) for each drug.

RESULTS:
Alcohol, heroin and crack emerged as the most harmful drugs (overall weighted harm score 72, 55 and 50, respectively). The remaining drugs had an overall weighted harm score of 38 or less, making them much less harmful than alcohol. The overall weighted harm scores of the EU experts correlated well with those previously given by the UK panel.

CONCLUSION:
The outcome of this study shows that the previous national rankings based on the relative harms of different drugs are endorsed throughout the EU. The results indicates that EU and national drug policy measures should focus on drugs with the highest overall harm, including alcohol and tobacco, whereas drugs such as cannabis and ecstasy should be given lower priority including a lower legal classification.
Yhdiste:päihteet yleisesti, LSD, psilosybiini, MDMA
Aihe:haitta-arvio
Menetelmät:Kirjallisuuskatsaus, asiantuntijalausunto
Otoskoko:0
Muuta:
Tagit: alkoholi, haitallisuusarvio, päihteet, tupakka
DOI:10.1177/0269881115581980
URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269881115581980