Tieteelliset julkaisut

Tulokset kategoriasta menetelmat hakusanalla kyselytutkimus. Takaisin


Lifetime experience with (classic) psychedelics predicts pro-environmental behavior through an increase in nature relatedness. (Forstmann M & Sagioglou C, 2017)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychopharmacology
Tiivistelmä: In a large-scale (N = 1487) general population online study, we investigated the relationship between past experience with classic psychedelic substances (e.g. LSD, psilocybin, mescaline), nature relatedness, and ecological behavior (e.g. saving water, recycling).

Using structural equation modeling we found that experience with classic psychedelics uniquely predicted self-reported engagement in pro-environmental behaviors, and that this relationship was statistically explained by people's degree of self-identification with nature. Our model controlled for experiences with other classes of psychoactive substances (cannabis, dissociatives, empathogens, popular legal drugs) as well as common personality traits that usually predict drug consumption and/or nature relatedness (openness to experience, conscientiousness, conservatism).

Although correlational in nature, results suggest that lifetime experience with psychedelics in particular may indeed contribute to people's pro-environmental behavior by changing their self-construal in terms of an incorporation of the natural world, regardless of core personality traits or general propensity to consume mind-altering substances. Thereby, the present research adds to the contemporary literature on the beneficial effects of psychedelic substance use on mental wellbeing, hinting at a novel area for future research investigating their potentially positive effects on a societal level. Limitations of the present research and future directions are discussed.
Yhdiste:psykedeelit yleisesti
Aihe:päihdekäyttö
Menetelmät:kyselytutkimus
Otoskoko:1487
Muuta:
Tagit: ekologia, luonto, luontoarvot, luontoyhteys, ympäristöystävällisyys
DOI:10.1177/0269881117714049
URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/0269881117714049


Psychedelics, Personality and Political Perspectives. (Nour MM, Evans L, Carhart-Harris RL, 2017)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Tiivistelmä: The psychedelic experience (including psychedelic-induced ego dissolution) can effect lasting change in a person's attitudes and beliefs. Here, we aimed to investigate the association between naturalistic psychedelic use and personality, political perspectives, and nature relatedness using an anonymous internet survey.

Participants (N = 893) provided information about their naturalistic psychedelic, cocaine, and alcohol use, and answered questions relating to personality traits of openness and conscientiousness (Ten-Item Personality Inventory), nature relatedness (Nature-Relatedness Scale), and political attitudes (one-item liberalism-conservatism measure and five-item libertarian-authoritarian measure). Participants also rated the degree of ego dissolution experienced during their "most intense" recalled psychedelic experience (Ego-Dissolution Inventory).

Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that lifetime psychedelic use (but not lifetime cocaine use or weekly alcohol consumption) positively predicted liberal political views, openness and nature relatedness, and negatively predicted authoritarian political views, after accounting for potential confounding variables. Ego dissolution experienced during a participant's "most intense" psychedelic experience positively predicted liberal political views, openness and nature relatedness, and negatively predicted authoritarian political views.

Further work is needed to investigate the nature of the relationship between the peak psychedelic experience and openness to new experiences, egalitarian political views, and concern for the environment.
Yhdiste:psykedeelit yleisesti
Aihe:päihdekäyttö
Menetelmät:kyselytutkimus
Otoskoko:893
Muuta:
Tagit: avoimuus, ego, liberalismi, luontoyhteys, tunnollisuus
DOI:10.1080/02791072.2017.1312643
URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28443703


An online survey of tobacco smoking cessation associated with naturalistic psychedelic use. (Johnson MW, Garcia-Romeu A, Johnson PS, Griffiths RR, 2017)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychopharmacology
Tiivistelmä: Data suggest psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) may hold therapeutic potential in the treatment of addictions, including tobacco dependence.

This retrospective cross-sectional anonymous online survey characterized 358 individuals (52 females) who reported having quit or reduced smoking after ingesting a psychedelic in a non-laboratory setting ⩾1 year ago. On average, participants smoked 14 cigarettes/day for 8 years, and had five previous quit attempts before their psychedelic experience. Of the 358 participants, 38% reported continuous smoking cessation after psychedelic use (quitters).

Among quitters, 74% reported >2 years' abstinence. Of the 358 participants, 28% reported a persisting reduction in smoking (reducers), from a mode of 300 cigarettes/month before, to a mode of 1 cigarette/month after the experience. Among reducers, 62% reported >2 years of reduced smoking. Finally, 34% of the 358 participants (relapsers) reported a temporary smoking reduction before returning to baseline smoking levels, with a mode time range to relapse of 3-6 months.

Relapsers rated their psychedelic experience significantly lower in personal meaning and spiritual significance than both other groups. Participants across all groups reported less severe affective withdrawal symptoms (e.g. depression, craving) after psychedelic use compared with previous quit attempts, suggesting a potential mechanism of action for psychedelic-associated smoking cessation/reduction.

Changes in life priorities/values were endorsed as the most important psychological factor associated with smoking cessation/reduction. Results suggest psychedelics may hold promise in treating tobacco addiction as potentially mediated by spiritual experience, changed priorities/values, and improved emotional regulation.
Yhdiste:Psilosybiini
Aihe:Addiktio
Menetelmät:Kyselytutkimus
Otoskoko:0
Muuta:
Tagit:
DOI:10.1177/0269881116684335
URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269881116684335


The Challenging Experience Questionnaire: Characterization of challenging experiences with psilocybin mushrooms. (Barrett FS, Bradstreet MP, Leoutsakos JS, Johnson MW, Griffi.., 2016)
Julkaisu:Journal of Psychopharmacology
Tiivistelmä: Acute adverse psychological reactions to classic hallucinogens ("bad trips" or "challenging experiences"), while usually benign with proper screening, preparation, and support in controlled settings, remain a safety concern in uncontrolled settings (such as illicit use contexts). Anecdotal and case reports suggest potential adverse acute symptoms including affective (panic, depressed mood), cognitive (confusion, feelings of losing sanity), and somatic (nausea, heart palpitation) symptoms.

Responses to items from several hallucinogen-sensitive questionnaires (Hallucinogen Rating Scale, the States of Consciousness Questionnaire, and the Five-Dimensional Altered States of Consciousness questionnaire) in an Internet survey of challenging experiences with the classic hallucinogen psilocybin were used to construct and validate a Challenging Experience Questionnaire.

The stand-alone Challenging Experience Questionnaire was then validated in a separate sample. Seven Challenging Experience Questionnaire factors (grief, fear, death, insanity, isolation, physical distress, and paranoia) provide a phenomenological profile of challenging aspects of experiences with psilocybin. Factor scores were associated with difficulty, meaningfulness, spiritual significance, and change in well-being attributed to the challenging experiences. The factor structure did not differ based on gender or prior struggle with anxiety or depression.

The Challenging Experience Questionnaire provides a basis for future investigation of predictors and outcomes of challenging experiences with classic hallucinogens.
Yhdiste:Psykedeelit yleisesti
Aihe:Yleiset vaikutukset
Menetelmät:Kyselytutkimus, kirjallisuuskatsaus
Otoskoko:0
Muuta:
Tagit:
DOI:10.1177/0269881116678781
URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269881116678781